For puppies and dogs
Our veterinarians are happy to discuss the appropriate vaccine protocol for your dog or cat based on their lifestyle.
- Distemper Parvo Complex (distemper, adenovirus-2, parainfluenza and parvovirus)
In addition to the core vaccinations listed above, we also recommend the following vaccines to those pets who may be at risk:
- Canine Bivalent Influenza vaccine
- CrLyme vaccine
For kittens and cats
- HCP (Feline rhinotracheitis, calici and panleukopenia viruses)
For more information on vaccines please see our Vaccination FAQ page here.
Parasite Control and Prevention
Cats and dogs (yes, even indoor cats) are susceptible to a number of parasitic infections. Some pet parasites are zoonotic, meaning they can infect people as well as animals. Parasite prevention is not only important for the health of your pet, but also for the health of you and your family.
Fortunately for us and our pets, there are many safe, effective preventatives and treatments for these common parasites available with a prescription from your pet’s veterinarian. We offer several highly-recommended products for purchase at our office.
We know it may be tempting to purchase online or over-the-counter, less-costly products, but many of these products may have serious side effects and limited effectiveness. Our professional staff is here to guide you in choosing the most safe and effective product for your pet!
At some point in their lives, most pets experience discomfort caused by external parasites such as fleas, ticks, lice or mites.
Not only can these parasites cause your pet a lot of discomfort by causing itchy skin reactions and even infections, but they can also transmit several serious diseases like Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, Erlichiosis, Babeseosis, Anaplasmosis and more.
The best way to stop these critters from creating a lot of unnecessary chaos is through preventative care.
You can read more about external parasites.
Heartworm disease is a serious and potentially fatal disease in pets in the United States and many other parts of the world. It is caused by worms (heartworms) that live in the heart, lungs and associated blood vessels of affected pets, causing severe lung disease, heart failure and damage to other organs in the body. Heartworm disease affects dogs, cats and ferrets, but heartworms also live in other mammal species, including wolves, foxes, sea lions and—in rare instances—humans. Because wild species such as foxes and coyotes live in proximity to many urban areas, they are considered significant carriers of the disease.
The mosquito plays an essential role in the heartworm life cycle. Adult female heartworms living in an infected animal produce microscopic baby worms called microfilaria that circulate in the bloodstream. When a mosquito bites and takes blood from an infected animal, it picks up these baby worms, which develop and mature into “infective stage” larvae over a period of 10 to 14 days. Then, when the infected mosquito bites another dog, cat, or susceptible wild animal, the infective larvae are deposited onto the surface of the animal's skin and enter the new host through the mosquito’s bite wound. Once inside a new host, it takes approximately 6 months for the larvae to mature into adult heartworms. Once mature, heartworms can live for 5 to 7 years in dogs and up to 2 or 3 years in cats. Because of the longevity of these worms, each mosquito season can lead to an increasing number of worms in an infected pet.
To read more about heartworm disease in pets, visit the Heartworm Society.
Common intestinal parasites in cats and dogs include hookworms, whipworms, roundworms, coccidia, tapeworms and giardia. All of these parasites can cause illness in your pet and some are zoonotic, meaning they can cause illness in humans as well. Children and those who are immune compromised are the most susceptible.
It's important to realize that your pet may be infected with parasites even if he or she is not showing any obvious symptoms, however some common symptoms are: diarrhea, vomiting, weight loss and an overall poor body condition.
We recommend routine screening to diagnose and monthly preventatives to help prevent intestinal parasites.
You can read more about intestinal parasites on the Pets and Parasites website.
Spaying and Neutering
Spaying and neutering your dog or cat prevents unwanted litters of puppies and kittens and some undesirable behavior (including aggression, urine marking and roaming or trying to escape the home), and these elective surgeries do a lot more for your pet’s quality of life and health than you may think.
Hundreds of veterinary studies reveal that the incidence of many diseases can be reduced or completely eliminated by spaying or neutering your pet.
Did you know?
- On average, spayed and neutered dogs and cats live longer and healthier lives.
- Neutering male cats and dogs reduces the incidence of prostate cancer and ELIMINATES the risk of testicular cancer.
- Spaying female cats and dogs ELIMINATES the possibility of ovarian and uterine cancer and significantly reduces the incidence of mammary cancers.
- An estimated 6-8 million homeless dogs and cats enter animal shelters annually. More than half of these animals are tragically euthanized because they are not adopted.
Preventative Lab Work
Diagnostic tests such as blood panels, fecal and urine testing, and other important screenings are essential tools for monitoring your pet’s health over time. Remember, our pets cannot tell us how they’re feeling or what hurts so diagnostic testing is of utmost importance.
These tests assist us in diagnosing any underlying health issues that are occurring and give us the ability to intervene early-on, which can be much more effective for the pet and much less costly for the owner. Even if your pet is healthy, these tests help to establish baseline values that can be used for comparison later on in your dog or cat’s life.
Some common illnesses that can be diagnosed with regular diagnostics include:
- Thyroid conditions
- Liver disease
- Heart disease
- Heartworm and tick-borne diseases
- Intestinal parasites
Many of these diseases and conditions can be managed well with specialized diets or medication.
For cats specifically, we recommend testing for FIV, Feline Leukemia and Bartonella. These diseases are much more common than you may think!
FIV (Feline Immunodeficiency Virus)
Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is a lentivirus that infects the immune system of felines. The virus is shed in saliva and is primarily transmitted through cat to cat bite wounds, though the virus can also be passed from mother to kitten in utero or through infected milk. In the first stage of infection, clinical signs include fever and swelling of the lymph nodes. Once infected, a feline can go years without marked illness. Signs of FIV infection can include poor coat condition, persistent fever, stomatitis, gingivitis, diarrhea, skin infections, respiratory infections, eye conditions or weight loss. Cats infected with FIV are also more prone to various kinds of cancer and blood diseases.
Feleuk (Feline Leukemia Virus)
Feline leukemia virus (FeLV) is a contagious retrovirus transmitted between cats by contact with infected saliva, nasal excretions, urine, feces and milk. Persistently viremic carrier cats can be mostly clinically healthy and are a major source of virus transmission. FeLV infection can lead to cancers, blood disorders or an immune deficiency that prevents a cat’s ability to fight against other infections. Clinical signs of FeLV include progressive weight loss, poor coat condition, persistent fever, pale mucous membranes, gingivitis, stomatitis, diarrhea, seizures and other neurological disorders.
Cat scratch disease is the best known Bartonella disease. More than 22,000 cases occur each year, of which more than 2,000 people require hospitalization. The disease usually begins a few weeks after transmission of Bartonella from cats with a red papule at the site of a scratch or bite. Lymph nodes that drain the injury site become inflamed, enlarged, painful, and may develop an abscess, which may burst and drain. Severe cases may progress to organ involvement, neurological complications, and rarely to coma.
Read more about feline bartonella.